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Bullying and Workplace Harassment

Deciphering Mental Harassment at Workplace UAE Law: Legal Insight

The Soaring Epidemic of Mental Harassment at Workplace Under UAE Law:

In the cutthroat arena of today’s professional world, Bullying and Harassment at Workplace in UAE may be a pressing issue that demands immediate attention in some situations. These toxic behaviors not only destabilize an employee’s mental well-being but also sully the reputation of the organization, thereby affecting profitability. Through this article lets provide an in-depth legal perspective, with a special focus on the United Arab Emirates, to shed light on the protective measures in place for maintaining a respectful and dignified work environment.

  • Stringent laws exist in the UAE to combat mental harassment in the workplace.
  • Legal recourse is available for victims.
  • Employers and employees both have responsibilities to prevent harassment.

Mental harassment at workplace UAE Law

What are the Complexities of Harassment in the Workplace

Harassment in the workplace is a covert form of abuse that can take various forms—verbal, physical, or psychological. Mental Harassment at Workplace in UAE Law is especially damaging, involving tactics aimed at undermining an employee’s mental resilience, such as relentless criticism, ostracization, or public shaming. The fallout is extensive, impacting not only the individual’s emotional state but also their job performance.

Legal Protections in the UAE

In a significant change, the UAE Labour Law now prohibits sexual harassment and/or any verbal, physical, or psychological form of bullying against an employee, by the employer or the employee’s supervisor/colleagues. For more information, you can visit this external link.

The UAE has proactively strengthened its labor laws to tackle the menace of workplace harassment. As of February 2, 2022, the most recent labor law, encapsulated in Article 14, implicitly covers different forms of Mental Harassment. Employers are legally bound to create a harassment-free work environment that safeguards an employee’s mental health.

Types of Harassment

There are various forms of harassment that can occur in the workplace:

  • Discriminatory Harassment: Based on race, age, gender, religion, and disability.
  • Physical Harassment: Involves physical attacks.
  • Psychological Harassment: Includes isolating an employee or subjecting them to demeaning tasks.

For a deeper understanding, watch this YouTube video.

Type of Harassment

Legal Penalty in UAE


Fine and/or Imprisonment


Fine and/or Imprisonment


Fine and/or Imprisonment

Additionally, the law provides robust safeguards against workplace discrimination based on various factors such as race, color, gender, religion, nationality, or disability. Violations can lead to hefty fines, ranging from AED 5,000 to AED 1,000,000, depending on the severity of the offense.

Channels for Reporting and Legal Options

a. Internal Mechanisms for Grievance Redressal: 

Employees facing harassment have several internal channels for seeking redress. Employers are legally required to establish strong internal grievance procedures that ensure confidentiality and unbiased investigations.

b. **Role of MoHRE in Mental Harassment Cases: 

If internal avenues prove ineffective, employees can escalate their Mental Harassment Case to the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratization (MoHRE), which has the authority to levy penalties after conducting an investigation.

The Pivotal Role of MoHRE in Addressing Mental Harassment Cases in the UAE

In the complex landscape of labor relations, the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratization (MoHRE) stands as a bulwark against various forms of workplace harassment, including Mental Harassment at Workplace UAE Law. The Ministry not only serves as a regulatory body but also as a mediator and enforcer, ensuring that the work environment in the United Arab Emirates is conducive to mental well-being and professional growth.

Regulatory Oversight in Mental Harassment Cases

MoHRE is responsible for the formulation and enforcement of labor laws in the UAE, including those that pertain to Mental Harassment at Workplace UAE Law. The Ministry ensures that both employers and employees are in compliance with the legal frameworks, thereby creating a balanced and fair work environment.

Mental harassment at workplace UAE Law - Legal

Grievance Redressal Mechanism

If an employee feels that their complaints about mental harassment are not being adequately addressed within their organization, they can escalate the issue to MoHRE. The Ministry has a well-defined grievance redressal mechanism that ensures impartial investigation and swift resolution of Mental Harassment Cases.

Legal Recourse and Penalties

MoHRE has the authority to impose penalties on organizations that are found to be in violation of the laws concerning mental harassment at the workplace. These penalties can range from fines to more severe legal actions, depending on the gravity of the offense.

Collaboration with Other Entities

The Ministry often collaborates with other governmental bodies, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies to adopt best practices and to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and resources. This multi-pronged approach enriches the domestic labor market and opens doors for international opportunities.

Technological Integration for Efficient Reporting

In an era marked by rapid technological advancements, MoHRE leverages digital platforms to make the reporting of mental harassment cases more efficient. Employees can file complaints online, thereby speeding up the investigation process.

The Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratization is an indispensable entity in the fight against Mental Harassment at Workplace UAE Law. Through its multifaceted roles and responsibilities, MoHRE ensures that employees work in a safe, respectful, and dignified environment, free from the perils of mental harassment.

c. Legal Remedies and Compensation: Victims can also turn to the judiciary for relief. UAE Labor Law empowers courts to award compensation, taking into account the gravity of the harassment and its impact on the employee’s mental health.

The Employer’s Duty to Prevent Workplace Harassment

Employers have a legal obligation to ensure that their workplace is free from any form of harassment. They must take immediate action if any such incident comes to light. This involves:

  • Drafting clear anti-harassment policies
  • Conducting frequent training sessions
  • Fostering open communication
  • Swiftly investigating complaints
  • Providing psychological support to affected employees
  • Regularly evaluating the workplace to preempt Mental Harassment at Workplace

Employee’s Rights and Recourse

Employees who find themselves subjected to mental harassment have several avenues for recourse under UAE law. They can file a formal complaint with their employer, and if the issue is not resolved, they can escalate it to the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratisation.

Steps to Take for Reporting Harassment

  1. Document the Incidents: Keep a detailed record of each harassment incident, including dates, times, and the individuals involved.
  2. Report to Supervisor: Initially, report the issue to your immediate supervisor or the HR department.
  3. Legal Action: If the internal channels do not yield results, legal action can be taken.

For a comprehensive guide on how to deal with harassment at work, watch this YouTube video.

Penalties for Harassment

The penalties for workplace harassment in the UAE can be severe, including fines and imprisonment. For more details, you can visit this external link.

Type of Harassment

Penalty in UAE


Minimum Dh10,000 fine, over 1 year in jail


Minimum Dh10,000 fine, over 1 year in jail


Minimum Dh10,000 fine, over 1 year in jail

The Role of Company Policies

Companies are encouraged to develop clear policies that define what constitutes harassment and the steps for reporting it. These policies should be communicated to all employees and should be easily accessible.

Importance of Training

Training programs can be an effective way to educate employees about the dangers of harassment and how to prevent it. These programs should be mandatory for all employees, including management.

dangers of harassment

Top 5 FAQs on Mental Harassment at Workplace in UAE Law

1. What Constitutes Mental Harassment at the Workplace in the UAE?

Mental harassment at the workplace in the UAE encompasses a range of behaviors aimed at undermining an employee’s psychological well-being. This can include constant criticism, isolation, humiliation, or any form of emotional abuse that leads to anxiety, depression, or emotional distress.

2. What Legal Protections Are Available for Victims of Workplace Harassment in the UAE?

The UAE Labor Law, particularly in its most recent update, includes provisions that implicitly cover various forms of workplace harassment, including mental harassment. Employers are mandated to provide a safe and respectful work environment. Violations can result in substantial fines, ranging from AED 5,000 to AED 1,000,000.

3. How Can Employees Report Mental Harassment at the Workplace?

Employees can initially report incidents of harassment to their immediate supervisor, HR department, or any designated authority within the organization. If internal channels are ineffective, they can escalate their Mental Harassment Case to the Ministry of Human Resources and Emiratization (MoHRE).

4. What Role Does the MoHRE Play in Addressing Workplace Harassment?

The MoHRE serves as the regulatory body overseeing labor laws in the UAE. If internal reporting mechanisms fail, employees can submit a complaint to the MoHRE, which has the authority to investigate and impose penalties on the employer.

5. What Remedies and Compensation Are Available for Victims?

Victims of workplace harassment can seek legal recourse through the UAE labor courts, which are empowered to award compensation based on the severity of the harassment and its impact on the employee’s well-being.

Final Thoughts

Workplace harassment is a serious issue with far-reaching consequences. By being aware of their rights and the available reporting mechanisms, employees can protect their mental well-being. Simultaneously, employers must meet their legal and ethical responsibilities to ensure a harmonious work environment.

Stay updated on the evolving legal landscape in the UAE by subscribing to our updates. Should you encounter any form of harassment in the workplace, please reach out to our legal department for immediate assistance.

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Raya Al Ameri law firm team consists of highly qualified and experienced lawyers boasting the largest and broadest full-service Litigation Practice in UAE. We handle cases from local litigation to complex disputes. We have the technical expertise and capability to advise clients and conduct all types of litigation in the UAE including but not limited Commercial, Employment, Banking, Civil, Insurance, Construction, Real Estate, IP, and Criminal Cases.

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